Chappuis describes five characteristics of effective feedback. None of it is brand new to us but it is a nice, concise list:
- Strengths are pointed out as well as specific information for improvement.
- It is given during the learning, while changes can still be made.
In writing about the first point, the author shares a new take on an old idea. At least it is a new twist for me. Remember 3 Stars and a Wish? The word wish just never did it for me, or my students for that matter. To them "wish" conjured up visions of winning the lottery or going to Disneyland. Chappuis (Chappuis, Jan. Seven Strategies of assessment for learning (1st ed., p. 80), 2009) calls her form Stars and Stairs. I am adapting this slightly to Stars and Steps. I like the image of next steps and use that language with kids all the time. The form in the magazine looks like this:
Anne Davies often says,"Adapt, don't adopt." Applying that adage, I would change the name as previously mentioned and I might just switch out the steps for a couple of cute little footprints!The fourth point makes me think of something we have learned through our residency with Regie Routman and her associate, Nancy McLean. Chappuis uses an example that Nancy also showed in editing conferences with our writers. Instead of doing all of the work for them, show them where they need to do some editing, but leave them to figure out what needs to be changed. Routman calls what she expects them to do "The Non-Negotiables". It is a co-created list of the things she can reasonably expect most of them to take care of during the editing stage:
- Sentences beginning with capital letters
- Sentences ending with punctuation
- Words I expect you to know spelled correctly
And then, when she thinks each child has done what they can, Regie takes care of the rest. She explains to them that all writers have an editor. (Even the writer of Captain Underpants!)
Just a note of thanks to Rod Epp who graciously helped me learn some new skills to use in this blog. I try not to ask the same question twice but I seem to be a very curious person. :)